The most common thyroid disorders include hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Having hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can be both unpleasant and uncomfortable, but these thyroid conditions can be managed if properly diagnosed and treated.
WHAT IS HYPERTHYROIDISM?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone called thyroxine. Your thyroid controls your metabolism, and hyperthyroidism can speed up your metabolism to above-normal levels.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF UNTREATED HYPERTHYROIDISM?
If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to heart problems, brittle bones, eye problems, and a condition called thyroid storm in which the heart rate is increased to dangerously high levels.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTHYROIDISM?
Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Rapid weight loss
- Excessive sweating
- High blood pressure
- A rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Eye sensitivity
WHAT CAUSES HYPERTHYROIDISM?
Graves’ disease causes most cases of hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that leads to overactivity of the thyroid, which results in releasing too much of the thyroxine hormone (T-4). Hyperthyroidism may run in the family.